When the mother of nine-year-old Huang Xiang died, he noticed his father’s grief and resolved to cheer him up. No task was too troublesome: the boy fanned his father’s pillows to cool him in the summer, and warmed the bed with his own body in the winter. His father was touched by his son’s consideration. The nine-year-old’s reputation as a devoted child inspired a magistrate to recognize Huang Xiang’s deeds.